Nor is there any recognized proof of efficacy for other methods such as electrical or electronic cigarettes, various naturopathic and homeopathic medications, some medications that have already been mentioned above, and many other techniques that are of an esoteric nature or rely principally on the power of suggestion. Nicotine replacement should be provided for eight to twelve weeks and gradually reduced during this time. The potential adverse effects of moderate weight gain are far outweighed by the benefits of tobacco abstinence e5.
This database helps counselors and smokers find the support they need. Low-threshold measures such as self-help books, telephone counseling, and Internet-based cessation programs complement the evidence-based treatments. Other, less commonly used questionnaires that address the urge to smoke Questionnaire on Smoking Urges, QSU  or smoking behavior in adolescents Hooked on Nicotine Checklist, HONC  play no more than a minor role in routine care. Such programs combine psychoeducation and motivational techniques with behavioral-therapeutic elements. The physician must also be aware of possible interactions with various other medications including antipsychotic agents, other antidepressants, and theophylline. The long-term efficacy of smoking cessation is higher when medical and psychological support for it are reimbursed e4. Further important components are the use of external social aids, techniques to prevent the resumption of smoking, and ways of dealing with short-term recidivism. The current version of the American guidelines contains valuable reference information on the scientific evidence for the efficacy of various treatments for tobacco dependence 6. Revised Handbook for Boys.
Low-threshold measures such as self-help books, telephone counseling, and Internet-based cessation programs complement the evidence-based treatments. Die Tafeln zeigen Porträt-Aufnahmen: Physicians are advised to use a documentation system for recording the test findings described above; meticulous recording makes it more likely that treatment for smoking cessation will be recommended 6. We present recommendations for the diagnostic evaluation, counseling, psychotherapy, and pharmacotherapy of smokers, derived from the findings of current Cochrane meta-analyses and from the pertinent German-language and American guidelines. These elements of treatment can be provided either in group therapy or in an individual therapeutic setting. The long-term efficacy of smoking cessation is higher when medical and psychological support for it are reimbursed e4. Geschichte aus dem Leben einer Pfadfindergruppe.